Furthermore, they are carriers of other infectious viruses, bacteria, and parasites. However, just because a bat is a host doesn’t mean they are infected, or even infectious. Keep on reading to find out more about transmissible bat ailments, including the answers to some of the most often asked questions asked by readers just like you.
Which Diseases Can Bats Carry and Transmit?
Bats are most famous for being carriers of the Rabies virus. Additionally it is potential for bats to take the SARS virus (severe acute respiratory syndrome), however, it is rare, and the transmission from bat to human is even sexier. Other than zoonotic viruses, bats may also lead to additional health concerns. Their droppings (also known as guano) can grow fungi spores (Histoplasma Capsulatum) that become airborne. If inhaled, it can cause a respiratory disease called Histoplasmosis, which can be incredibly severe for young children, elderly folks, and those with weakened immune systems. Bats can also lead to parasitic outbreaks, such as lice, bat mites, bed bugs, and fleas.
What Happens when a Individual Gets Rabies?
When a human has contracted rabies, they will start to display particular signs, in which case they’ll have to visit the emergency room immediately. These signs will appear similar to the flu or common cold, with symptoms like headache and fever. Since the virus progresses, other signs such as dizziness, anger, and confusion. The incubation period for rabies in the average person is about five to seven days. All cases of rabies in humans were fatal before the vaccine was invented in the early 1900’s. Now, if a man or woman is infected with Rabies, they can visit the emergency room and receive effective treatment to prevent the virus from multiplying.
Can Pets Get Infected?
All of these illnesses and parasites may be transmitted to both people and pets. It’s important to have your pet correctly vaccinated every year to prevent deaths or complications that result from a wild animal attack or bite. Vaccinations are important for people as well, especially children and those with weakened immune systems.
The most common means of bacterial or viral transmission is through blood or saliva. This often happens in the form of a bat bite or scratch. Typically, a person bitten by a bat will be instructed to immediately seek medical care. In case that you or a loved one is bitten by a wild animal, it is important to call your doctor immediately. Depending upon the description of the bat and the boosters you have one document, your physician will determine whether you require emergency services. If a pet is bitten, take them into the emergency vert clinic straight away.
Which Diseases Just Affect Bats?
There are some diseases that could affect bats, but cannot be transmitted to other mammals. The most common disease is called White Nose Syndrome (WNS). It receives its name from the distinctive symptoms it leaves in bats, namely a white fungal growth on their noses, muzzles, and different areas of the body. Geomyces destructans is a newly-discovered fungus that is supposed to trigger White Nose Syndrome in bats. Bats infected with White Nose Syndrome will reveal strange signs and display strange behaviours. Including daytime activity and clustering close to the entry points of their roost. In North America, this disease is spreading quickly among Microchiroptera populations, and has caused millions of bat fatalities.